Monday, 28 November 2011

Neil (AM) 


Ethics


Ethics are normative

Exercise:

My response to the question of what is...


The Good Life?



  • freedom of personal choice (politically/lifestyle/sexuality)
  • good health (or sufficient care of this is not possible)
  • experience
  • experiencing life with others (love)
A Good Person?

  • Care for others
  • tolerance
  • abstinence from violence
  • love
  • openness and adaptability of mind
Group response...

The Good Life?

  • freedom from material want (money, health, food)
  • freedom from oppression
  • equality (equity: what you deserve)
  • hope
  • ability to pursue happiness
A Good Person?

  • Care
  • ability to feel guilt
  • empathy
  • generosity
  • diplomacy
  • honesty (despite hypocrisy)
  • leadership
  • responsibility
  • selflessness
  • kindness
Models in Ethics

Virtue Based Ethics

  • Aristotelian
  • Being "good"
  • Considers the end product, materials and means of production.
Duty Based Ethics

  • 1900s (German ideal, Kant)
  • duty: begins and ends at employer
  • efficiency
  • works around morality
  • military (just following orders)
Utilitarianism

  • consequence based
  • rational
  • cannot maximise happiness, but can minimise unhappiness
  • geared towards product design
Pragmatism

  • practicality
  • no moral standpoint, no "ideal"
  • about rationality in extreme
  • incremental change
  • compromise with larger discourses
  • small, focused efforts
Summing Up

Many use an amalgam of these methods

environmental ethics

Papanek- advocated dedication of some of your time/earnings to a good cause when you work on something you find objectionable. the yin-yang offset.

Further Notes/ Thoughts

  • Accounts of Franco's Spain, Castro era Cuba, Russia: read to understand the opposite of ethics)
  • Alone in Berlin
  • Pol Pot's wholesale murder of those with glasses
  • Autonomy: YOUR LIFE AS A PROJECT
  • Rich biodiversity in the North/South Korea demilitarised zone/the 5 miles surrounding Chernobyl
  • Lisa Evans (?)

John (PM)

Phase 1

Setting the scene

90% of work will not be used (but still valuable)

it highlights...

THE 10% THAT IS

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