Professor Paul Cleveland
> ("Wicked Problems", Richard Buchannon)
> Addressing a cultural/political or otherwise tricky and messy problem.
> ie: Sustainability
> (Tony Fry, Design Futuring/Ethics + New Practise)
> Cameron Tonkinwise (sp?) TEXT MISSING
The Project: Timor Leste
> Country close to Australia
> Substantial upheaval
>close indigenous ties to Australian aborigines.
>Under Portuguese control historically (C16th>C20th)
> 1974: Portugal abandons Timor
> Civil war between 2 parties: Fretelin and the UDT
> 1975: Independence
> Indonesia invades, fearing spread of unrest
> Gangs armed and told to loot/destroy
> Timor culture lost as a result
> UN/Australia gets involved, restores "peace"
> Main income of Timor shifts to oil (unfair mining rights deal brokered with Australian gov.t, Timor on losing end)
> Oil, by nature, unsustainable
> Secondary economics based on: UN rubbish tip salvage, Gravel from river beds, coffee plantations.
How to turn it around?
> Starting point: old art gallery (Arte Moris, Dili)
> Had sustained too much damamge to be used, something more needed.
> Design Futures established a model: institution would need to be built from ground up.
> would need Timor government on side to get this going (tricky design problem: meta design)
>Audit made of developable resources (cultural etc.)
> Cultural mapping (funded by AusAid) was needed for context and clarity
> Both required nationwide fieldwork in dangerous, challenging environments.
> massive database collected (songs, artwork, architecture)
> architectural research revealed the resource of sustainable bamboo based crafts (but the cultural knowledge of how to apply skills was lost)
> This would become to basis of a curriculum
> combat the 80% unemployment rate
> Global search of museums for Timorese historical artifacts.
> festival organised to showcase the benefits and results of this research to the Secretary of State
> formation of an academy discussed from this
> had to educate the Prime Minister on the importance of a CULTURAL INDUSTRY (no precedent in Timorese history)
> The plan is that this sustainable industry will mature before oil reserves run out.
> Symposium of Timorese artists organised, artists educated about industrialising their craft.
> Utilised private sector (independent of political party) steering of program.
> established 5 key objectives (INFORMATION MISSING)
> There is now a base for this culutre to grow again from.
> IDEAS are there, but design fundamentals and industry refinement is needed (strategic use of materials ie: the bamboo)
>Remaining problem: language barrier: Portuguese is the "official" language, English skills needed for international expansion in business.
Where from here?
> Academy planned/set up by 2014/15
> Exchange scheme with QCA
> research in design: More important as a method of design problem solving.
> as such this model/methodology could be transposed to helping solve similar problems in other countries.
YARN (Your Australian Research Network) international, virtual laboratory (in development)
>DESIGN MAKES CHANGE
> DESIGN SOLVES PROBLEMS
> UNDERSTAND your problem, RESEARCH your problem
> NO point in pure gut reaction and jumping to comcusions: there must be basis in FACT
> The idea that often works best is the SIMPLEST.
> Did not realise the extent to which "design could impact, how ethics, philosophy and culture of design problem solving could be applied to such a scale.
> how to apply this to own work? Very deep and academic, far from comfort zone.
> Meta design.